Showing posts from September, 2022

What Is PCI-X (Peripheral Component Interconnect Extended)?

  PCI-X or Peripheral Component Interconnect Extended is the type of data communication system used in computers. More specifically, it’s the name of a kind of bus used to transfer data from A to B – A and B being peripherals or PC components. PCI-X was created in the early 2000s to replace the previous PCI bus standard that could no longer keep up with the increasing demands on bandwidth and data transfer speeds. Though a serious improvement on the original, PCI-X has since also been replaced by the more modern standard PCI-E. Serving essentially as a go-between PCI and PCI-E, PCI-X saw the fewest number of version standards, having only had two formal version releases in 1999 and 2002, respectively. In contrast, both PCI and PCI-E have seen over half a dozen each. The most recent one being PCI-E 5.0, released in 2019. PCI-X and PCI vs PCI-E Both the original PCI and the newer PCI-X use similar architectural structures to transport data from place to place. They emp

What Is IPv6?

 IPv6, or Internet Protocol version 6, is the follow-up to IPv4, the network protocol that most of the current Internet uses. Initially proposed in 1998, IPv6 has been used by developers since the early 2000s. But it wasn’t until 2017 that it was ratified as an actual Internet standard by the IETF ( Internet Engineering Task Force ). Logically, there was an IPv5 between IPv4 and IPv6. However, version 5 never saw adaptation as a standard. It was developed specifically to help stream video and is known as Stream protocol or ST. However, like IPv4, it suffered from very limited available addresses. IPv4 and IPv5 use 32-bit addressing. Whereas IPv6 was upgraded to use 128-bit addresses instead. This, among other issues, led to IPv5 being essentially skipped as far as implementation of protocols went. Why IPv6? One of the main limitations that IPv4 suffered from was the limited number of possible addresses. To resolve this issue comprehensively, IPv6 uses a 128-bit addres